ACETIC ACID: Occurs naturally in apples, grapes, oranges, skimmed milk and a variety of other fruits and plants. Very small amounts are used for pH balancing where pH must remain low in exfoliation products.
ACACIA GUM : A soothing mucilage, thickener, formula stabilizer and film-forming agent harvested from the stem, or trunk, of the acacia tree. It's also known as gum arabic and catechu.
ACEROLA BERRY : Rich in sugars, minerals & flavonoids. A powerful source of natural vitamin C that helps stimulate connective tissue formation and the collagen-elastin network. Greatly improves skin's strength, flexibility and firmness.
AGAR-AGAR GUM : Extracted from red seaweed. It is primarily used as a gelling agent, but is also utilized for its emulsifying and stabilizing properties.
AHAs : (Alphahydroxy Acids) AHAs help loosen the glue-like lipids in the skin. When used in combination with BHAs, their effects are compounded. There are many varieties of alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) found in plants, vegetables and fruits, but five in particular have been scientifically proven to be the most beneficial. These five include glycolic, lactic, citric, malic and tartaric acids. Glycolic acid, from the heart of the raw cane sugar plant, has the smallest molecular structure, allowing for the deepest penetration. Next comes lactic from milk, followed by citric from citrus fruit, malic, found abundantly in apples, and tartaric from fruit fermentation, similar to that found in wine sediment. AHAs help speed exfoliation and stimulate cellular renewal, increase skin's thickness, reduce the number of abnormal cells while softening, moisturizing and hydrating. By speeding up the skin's natural exfoliation process, tone and texture is improved, while pores remain clear. AHAs also help boost the production of new collagen in the skin where the dermis and epidermis meet, which improves skin firmness and elasticity.
ALGAE : Used as thickening agents, water-binding agents, and anti-oxidants, algae contains the same vital nutrients, trace elements, and amino acids present in human blood plasma. Because of this, they can penetrate the skin more readily than most other ingredients. Minerals from algae are rich in anti-oxidants, vitamins, and mucilage that can protect, hydrate and soften the skin. There are more than 20,000 different known species of algae.
ALLANTOIN : A natural compound occurring in herbs such as comfrey, wheat and sugar beets. It can also be extracted from the urine of most animals, including humans (urea). It is an effective healing agent that is easily absorbed through the skin helping to promote cellular renewal. It has a soothing and softening effect on the skin.
ALMOND GLYCERIDES : An emollient compound of fatty acids derived from almond, combined with glycerin that softens, smoothes, and soothes rough irregular skin. Helps strengthen the skin's moisture barrier.
ALMOND MEAL: The residue that remains after almond oil has been expressed; it is an excellent meal to use for exfoliation, because it is gentle and non-irritating.
ALMOND OIL : Oil obtained from pressing almonds that is high in moisturizing fatty acids. Excellent emollient high in oleic, linoleic and other fatty acids, ideal in the treatment of dry skin. Soothes and moisturizes while easily penetrating the skin.
ALOE VERA GEL: A concentration derived from one of the oldest medicinal plants known. A- It has remarkable healing properties that can draw and hold oxygen to the skin. B- It is one of the most effective cellular renewal ingredients available. C- The plants composition is similar to that of human blood plasma and seawater and, because its pH is the same as the human skin, it is extremely soothing and protective. It is a natural astringent!
ALPHA HYDROXY MULTI-FRUIT COMPLEX : There are many varieties of alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) found in plants, vegetables and fruits, but five in particular have been scientifically proven to be the most beneficial. These five include glycolic, lactic, citric, malic and tartaric acids. Glycolic acid, from the heart of the raw cane sugar plant, has the smallest molecular structure, allowing for the deepest penetration. Next comes lactic from milk, followed by citric from citrus fruit, malic, found abundantly in apples, and tartaric from fruit fermentation, similar to that found in wine sediment. The combination of acids help speed exfoliation, stimulate cellular renewal, increase skin's thickness, reduce the number of abnormal cells while softening, moisturizing and hydrating. By speeding up the skin's natural exfoliation process, tone and texture is improved, while pores remain clear. This AHA complex also helps boost the production of new collagen in the skin where the dermis and epidermis meet, which improves skin firmness and elasticity.
AMINO ACIDS : The building blocks of protein. Some amino acids (essential amino acids) are not produced in the body and must be supplied externally. Amino acids are necessary for the hair, skin, nail and connective tissue growth. They are also very hydrating and moisturizing, and because of there small molecular size, can penetrate deep into the skin's tissues.
ANGELICA : (Angelica archangelica). A revitalizing herb derived from the roots, leaves and seeds of the plant that has bactericidal and fungicidal properties. It helps reduce the accumulation of toxins and excess water retention, and is extremely calming to the skin.
ANISE : An annual herb is related to the carrot and found in the parsley family. It imparts a warm, licorice-like scent, though is not related to the European plant whose roots are the source of true licorice. It is antiseptic and stimulating.
AONORI: A green algae containing large amounts of sulfated polysaccharides providing water-retaining properties for deep tissue moisture.
APPLES: Rich in natural pectin, containing polysaccharides, vitamin B, flavonoids and a high level of “ malic” acid. This acid has been scientifically proven to be one of the 5 most beneficial AHAs that help stimulate and speed skin cell renewal. The other acids are “glycolic”, from the heart of the raw cane sugar plant, “citric”, from citrus fruit, “lactic” from milk, and “tartaric” from fruit fermentation, similar to that found in wine sediment. Astringent, cleansing, smoothing and tightening. Contains zinc.
APPLE CIDER : Detoxifying, balancing and invigorating. When added to a toner's formulation it acts as an “acid rinse” to adjust the skin's own pH.
APPLE JUICE : Rich in natural pectin, containing polysaccharides, vitamin B, flavonoids and a high level of “ malic” acid. This acid has been scientifically proven to be one of the 5 most beneficial AHAs that help stimulate and speed skin cell renewal. The other acids are “glycolic”, from the heart of the raw cane sugar plant, “citric”, from citrus fruit, “lactic” from milk, and “tartaric” from fruit fermentation, similar to that found in wine sediment. Astringent, cleansing, smoothing and tightening. Contains zinc.
APRICOT : Derived from the fruit, apricot is rich in vitamin A, beta-carotene and zinc, it has softening, cleansing, and soothing properties. Very rejuvenating!
APRICOT KERNEL OIL : Oil expressed from the apricot seed. High in vitamin A, it softens, has anti-aging properties, and helps prevent moisture loss. It also lubricates without leaving a greasy feeling on the skin. It closely resembles almond oil, so makes an excellent alternative.
ASCORBIC ACID : (Vitamin C). A potent anti-oxidant that plays an essential role in building collagen, the connective tissue that holds us together. An essential anti-aging ingredient that helps reverse and help prevent photo-damage while improving and preventing pigmentation problems. Ascorbic acid contains bioflavonoids (like rutin/ hesperidin etc.) which are found in fresh food, especially citrus fruits, that help promote the effectiveness of vitamin C and build capillary strength. Because of its acidic nature, it also helps improve tone and texture by removing dead skin cells and diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
ASCORBYL PALMITATE : The oil soluble salt of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Used as a preservative and anti-oxidant, it interacts synergistically with vitamin E. Because of its solubility in fats, it is very effective in preventing lipid peroxidation. Has many of the same anti-aging benefits of ascorbic acid: stimulates collagen and elastin production, reduces hyper-pigmentation, and fights free radical and UV damage.
AVOCADO OIL: Natural oil cold-pressed from the avocado fruit that is rich in vitamins A, D & E, amino acids, and minerals. An excellent skin conditioner and moisturizer, this emollient oil is high in essential fatty acids to soothe and heal dry skin. A rapidly penetrating oil with anti-oxidant properties that help protect against free radical and photo damage.
AZULENE: An essential oil derived from the German camomile flower (matricaria chamomilla). It is an excellent analgesic, detoxifier, and anti-inflammatory, and extremely soothing and calming to the skin. Used to treat skin irritation and redness.
BAKING SODA: Sodium bicarbonate. A mineral derived pH adjuster, and viscosity stabilizer. An aid in cleansing oily skin. It also relieves burns, itching, skin lesions and insect bites.
BANANA: Derived from the banana fruit and juice, it softens, smoothes and moisturizes the skin. It also contains the anti-aging vitamins A, B, and F, making it an excellent ingredient for mature and sun damaged skin.
BARLEY: A demulcent with soothing properties. Combined with tomato, it helps improve penetration, creating a delivery system to suspend critical components and facilitate delivery into the stratum corneum.
BEARBERRY : Uva Ursi (or manzanita). A natural source of hydroquinone (pigment lightener) due to the astringency of the tannin acid found in the berries and leaves of this plant. Also contains arbutin which can inhibit melanin production. Bearberry inhibits the production of tyrosinase and also naturally decreases existing pigment.
BEE PROPOLIS: The resinous substance collected from various plants by bees to line their hives; it is antiseptic and antibacterial, making it very beneficial for abrasions, bruises, and skin inflammation. It is high in anti-oxidants and possibly anti-biotic.
BEESWAX: Made from flowers by honeybees to create their honeycomb. Used as an emulsifier, thickener, and formula stabilizer that protects the skin and prevents moisture loss. It is all-natural, with a delicate honey-sweet aroma.
BEET ROOT JUICE: Helps heal inflammatory skin conditions. It contains vitamins A, B & C, and allantoin, a compound known for its healing and cell renewal properties. Beneficial in the treatment of acne and other skin lesions.
BENZOIN ESSENTIAL OIL : A balsamic resin that secretes from the trunks of trees where an incision is made in the bark, resulting in the formation of oleoresin ducts. The resin then either accumulates beneath the bark or exudes from the incisions. Benzoin has a warm, vanilla-like fragrance, and has antiseptic and soothing properties for irritated skin.
BENTONITE: Natural mineral clay from volcanic ash. Used in facial masks for it's drawing, detoxifying abilities. May also be used as a suspending agent, thickener and binder.
BETA-CAROTENE : Precursor of Vitamin A occurring naturally in plants, especially abundant in carrots, papaya and algae. It possesses both healing and cellular renewal properties.
BHA : (Beta Hydroxy Acid) BHAs, such as salicylic and citric acids, dissolve the oil portion of the glue-like lipids in the skin. They are widely used in acne treatments due to their ability to clear pores of oily, waxy debris and dead skin build up. BHAs may be less irritating than AHAs.
BIOTIN : One of the B complex vitamins, also known as vitamin H. It is used to improve the texture of creams and add body and shine to hair products. It is essential for tissue growth, proper function of the sebaceous glands, and for the over-all health of the skin and scalp.
BIRCH : An astringent and antiseptic herb containing salicylic acid derived from the leaves and bark of the birch tree. It is helpful in treating inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema, blemishes, and scalp disorders.
BISABALOL : A volatile oil and constituent of Camomile that has moisturizing, soothing and anti-inflammatory properties.
BLADDERWRACK : Seaweed derived from the dried Thallus (bulbous root) of fucus vesiculosus. Rich in the same trace minerals, amino acids and other vital nutrients present in human blood plasma, it helps balance and re-mineralize the skin.
BLUE GREEN ALGAE : The smallest and most primitive of plants that contain chlorophyll in their protoplasm. Their unicellular bodies contain all the biological constituents necessary for life functions. Hydrates and protects skin.
BLUE MALLOW : Derived from the flowers and leaves of the common, or “blue” mallow. It is cleansing, non-irritating, and softening. An excellent treatment for dry skin and inflammations.
BORAGE OIL : A hardy annual plant with anti-inflammatory, rejuvenating, cleansing, lightening and pore clearing properties. Contains a rich source of essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals necessary healthy skin function. Excellent for aging and congested skin.
BROMELAIN : An enzyme derived from pineapple. Digests dead protein, as in surface skin cells (used in meat tenderizers). Can rid the skin of debris up to 1000 times their weight of irritants that clog and enlarge pores.
BURDOCK: Derived from the roots of the plant. It restores smoothness to the skin and has a balancing effect on the sebaceous glands. Excellent in the treatment of eczema and other scaly skin conditions. Mildly antibiotic.
BUTYL PARABEN: A member of the paraben family of petrochemicals commonly used as a preservative to prevent mold, fungus, and bacteria. Non-sensitizing and non-irritating.
CAFFEINE : An effective astringent with the same 4.5 pH as our skin. It contains anti-oxidants and has excellent cleansing properties which makes it very beneficial in the treatment of acne and other blemishes. Caffeine offers natural UVA/UVB protection against the sun's harmful rays.
CALENDULA : (Marigold) Astringent, cleansing, anti-inflammatory, moisturizing, soothing, softening and an anti-oxidant.One of the most useful and versatile herbs used in skin care to cleanse, soften, and soothe the skin. It also aids healing of inflammation, bruising, and burns.
CAMELLIA LEAF : (Green Tea Leaf) Potent anti-oxidant that offers 20 times the free radical scavenging effects of vitamin E. It increases the effect of sunscreens, and studies have found that it may help prevent skin cancer from UV rays as well. Green tea also helps reduce irritation caused by glycolic acid, and also has anti-cellulite properties.
CAMOMILE : Healing, extremely soothing, moisturizing and toning to the skin, especially dry skin conditions. Anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiseptic, it has the ability to neutralize skin irritants. Excellent for soothing red, irritated skin.
CAPRYLIC/ CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE : A mixture of glycerin, caprylic acid and capric acid. An emollient ester derived from coconut oil with good lubricating and spreading properties. Helps products to glide on the skin.
CARRAGEENAN : A gel-forming polysaccharide found in the “red algae” seaweed known as “Irish moss”. It is a very soothing natural emulsifier, high in sulfur and extremely nourishing to the skin.
CARROT: Cleansing, healing, and conditioning, with anti-oxidant and antiseptic properties. A natural source of vitamin A to help promote skin health.
CARROT JUICE: High in both alpha & beta-carotenoids (possibly more powerful than beta carotene alone) which are responsible for Pro-vitamin A activity in formulations. Soothing and healing, it restores elasticity of the skin.
CARROT SEED OIL : An essential oil used in formulation to help quiet dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, and rashes. It's high content of vitamins A, B, B2 & C relieves dryness in mature skin.
CENTELLA: (Centella Asiatica) Also known as Gotu Kola, it is a very soothing and healing herb that reduces inflammation and redness of skin irritations, blemishes and burns. Contains triterpenoids, compounds that aid in wound healing and strengthen the skin. Also very toning and firming.
CETYL ALCOHOL : A natural fatty alcohol derived from palm or coconut oil used as an emollient, emulsifier, thickener and stabilizer. Gives emulsions body, improving the feel of crèmes and lotions.
CETYL RICINOLEATE : Fatty alcohol of cetyl alcohol and ricinic acid (fatty acid of castor oil) that moisturizes skin and regulates product consistency.
CINNAMON LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL : A warming, stimulating and invigorating essential oil with antiseptic properties. Has a pleasant, spicy scent.
CITRIC ACID : Found in plants and citrus fruits. This organic acid is a pH adjuster and acts as a natural preservative and anti-oxidant.
CITRUS BIOFLAVONOIDS: Essential support molecules for vitamin C to have the greatest benefits. Act as free radical scavengers and neutralizes singlet oxygen oxidizers. From various citrus fruits.
CHLOROPHYLL: The green component of plants that has antiseptic and anti-fungal properties. Known for its natural cleansing and moisturizing properties. Also a natural deodorizer.
CLARY SAGE : Antiseptic, astringent, clarifying, softening, and cell regenerating. Good for oily, congested complexions. It also helps preserve moisture and is slightly astringent. It is used to control greasy hair and dandruff, and is also stimulating the scalp, which encourages healthy hair growth.
COCAMIDOPROPYL BETAINE: Surfactant derived from coconut oil. Does not irritate the skin or mucous membranes. Effective in foaming cleansers, shampoos and body washes where high, creamy foam is desired.
COCOA BUTTER : Derived from the nut seeds of the cocoa plant, cocoa butter is used as an emollient, and to soften and lubricate the skin. Has a “chocolatey” fragrance.
COCONUT MILK: From the drupaceous fruit of the coconut palm. It is abundant with natural antiseptic fatty acids that helps promote a softer more lubricated complexion. This rich, creamy milk is pressed from the thick white flesh of a well-matured coconut. It has important anti-carcinogenic properties.
COCONUT OIL : Derived from the coconut fruit, it is used as an emollient to smooth and lubricate the skin. Rich in saponins, it is excellent for soap making because it produces a rich, creamy lather.
CO-ENZYME Q10: A natural substance found in every cell of the human body. In our mid twenties its activity decreases. Naturally occurring in the tissue of plants, Co-Enzyme Q10 (also known as “ubiquinone”) is a vitamin-like anti-oxidant that boosts cellular activity. It helps to fortify the skin's defenses against UV damage, while reducing the appearance of wrinkles, strengthening cell membranes, and providing the skin with new energy.
COLTSFOOT: A soothing, healing, conditioning and moisturizing herb. It contains silica and cystine, important amino acids to maintain healthy skin and hair.
COMFREY: One of the most famed healing plants; it contains allantoin, a substance that promotes the growth of connective tissue and is easily absorbed through the skin. Moisturizing, rejuvenating!
CONEFLOWER : (Echinacea) An anti-inflammatory and antibacterial herb that is very soothing and healing. Nourishes, moisturizes, smoothes and firms the skin.
CORN COB MEAL : From milled corn cob. Exfoliates dead cells by gently polishing the surface of the skin. Because the meal is so finely ground, it will not over-stimulate, or irritate the skin.
CORNFLOWER : Obtained from the flowers of the plant. Very soothing, softening and sedating to the skin. Also has natural antiseptic properties.
CRANBERRY JUICE: Very high in natural vitamin C. Helps stimulate the production of collagen and elastin. Also offers bactericidal action.
CUCUMBER: An anti-inflammatory…reduces heat and inflammation. It is cooling, and cleansing, and has an extremely soothing effect on the skin. Also contains amino acids and minerals that help firm and regenerate.
CYCLOMETHICONE: Derived from silicone (which is derived from silica, a substance that occurs naturally in rocks and sand), it provides a silky, smooth feel to the skin. This form of silicone also aids the delivery of active ingredients into the skin.
DECYL -POLYGLUCOSE: Vegetable based mild surfactant that gently but thoroughly cleans hair and scalp.
DEIONIZED WATER: A water purifying and stabilizing process by which minerals and heavy metals are removed. Minerals and heavy metals can interfere with product's performance and stability.
DIMETHICONE: Oil derived from silicon (which originates from silica, a naturally occurring substance found in rocks and sand). It is used to facilitate smooth application of a product while softening the skin.
DRY MILK : Like liquid milk it contains “natural” lactic acid. Lactic acid is one of the five most beneficial AHAs. A mild exfoliant that helps reduce wrinkles and improve the skin's texture. Very softening and moisturizing.
DULSE: A flat leaved red sea weed (“Fucus”). It is high in bio-nutritional vitamins including B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9 and Beta-carotene. It stimulates connective tissue repair and is cell energizing.
EMULSIFYING WAX: Vegetable waxes created from a combination of emulsifiers and fatty alcohols. They are treated to mix more easily with other ingredients, providing a very stable formula.
ECHINACEA : (Coneflower) An anti-inflammatory and antibacterial herb that is very soothing and healing. Nourishes, moisturizes, smoothes and firms the skin.
ELDERFLOWER: An astringent, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory herb with emollient properties. It is an excellent ingredient for eye and facial lotions, and is particularly beneficial for dry skin. Also provides lightening and firming action.
ENZYMES: A complex, organic, and predominately protein substance produced by living cells. Enzymes bring about or accelerate reaction (as in the digestion of food) at body temperature, without itself being permanently altered. “Enzymes” such as papain and bromelin are commonly used in skin care due to their exfoliating action. Another enzyme, super oxide dismutase (SOD) is used for its free radical scavenging properties.
ESSENTIAL OILS : The oily liquid obtained from plants through a variety of processes. It usually has the taste and smell of the original plant. Called essential oils, because down through history, the theory is they were essential to life and they were the “essence” of the plant. The use of essential oils as preservatives is ancient.
EVENING PRIMROSE OIL: Calming, cleansing, and moisturizing herb. A superb emollient and skin nutrient, high in essential fatty acids, especially gamma-linolenic acid. Extremely beneficial for dry skin and scalp.
EYEBRIGHT : An herb with astringent, cleansing, and anti-inflammatory properties. Herbal folklore states that eyebright has the ability to “cure all ailments and complaints of the eyes”.
FATTY ACIDS: (Essential Fatty acids, EFA's or Vitamin F) Organic oils found vegetable and animal fats. Saturated fatty acids are palmitic and stearic. Some unsaturated fatty acids are oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids (excellent emollients for the skin). Fatty acids are necessary for regulating healthy skin and pre-mature aging.
FENNEL : Derived from the seeds, it is cleansing, anti-bacterial, and rejuvenating with anti-oxidant properties. Offers a slight tightening action to the skin. Rich in the essential fatty acids oleic and linoleic acid which are highly beneficial to the skin.
FENUGREEK: An annual herb that is emollient, anti-inflammatory and healing. Particularly useful in the treatment of skin irritation.
FLAVONOID: Any class of active compounds found in plants. Some flavonoids are the elements that give color to flowers and fruits. All have anti-oxidant properties.
FRANKINCENSE ESSENTIAL OIL: Actually a gum resin that is very beneficial for all skin types. Anti-inflammatory properties relieve dry and sensitive skin irritations, and astringent qualities help to balance oily or overactive skin. Also very revitalizing to mature skin, making it an excellent anti-wrinkle ingredient.
FREE-RADICAL : An atom or molecule that has an unpaired electron, making it highly unstable and likely to react with other substances. Because of this, free-radicals can damage the body at the cellular level.
GERANIUM ESSENTIAL OIL: Distilled from the leaves of pelargonium graveolens, a natural antiseptic and astringent that also promotes healing. It has the unusual ability to balance sebum production making it valuable for those with combination, dry, dehydrated, or oily skin. Astringent, cleansing, moistening, softening, stimulating.
GINGER : Derived from the root, it helps the skin purge and stimulates circulation. Warming to the skin, it helps ease muscle tension.
GINKGO BILOBA: An herb that helps increase blood flow and oxygenation to energize the skin. Has anti-oxidant properties, making it an excellent anti-aging ingredient.
GLUCOSE: Derived from sugar, has soothing and moisture-binding properties. Also helps treat burned skin.
GLUCOSE OXIDASE : See Lactose Peroxidase & Glucose Oxidase.
GLYCERIDES: Any class used as a texturizer and/ or emollient that compounds glycerin with any one of many fatty acids, especially those found naturally in oils and fats.
GLYCERIN : A humectant (water-attracting/binding ingredient), emulsifier, and emollient naturally produced from a combination of vegetable fat and water.
GLYCERYL STEARATE: Emulsifier and humectant. Produced from fatty acids and glycerin. Readily penetrates the skin.
GLYCERYL STEARATE SE: Excellent moisturizer & emollient, used to stabilize viscosity as well as opacify lotions and cremes. Self-emulsifying form of glyceryl stearate.
GLYCOSAMINOGLYCANS : Found in all plants. Sodium hyaluronate and other glycosaminoglucans are vital moisturizers and lubricants present in the interstitial spaces between epidermal cells. The absence of these lubricating moisturizers can accelerate the deterioration of the skin's collagen, resulting in the loss of elasticity, flexibility and tonicity. They are conditioning, moisturizing, and promote suppleness & firmness.
GLYCOLIC ACID: Alphahydroxy acid (AHA) with the smallest molecular structure, allowing for the deepest penetration. In 1987, after 20 years of research, Dr. Eugene Van Scott released his scientific findings on AHAs. These findings proved that it's not necessarily age that determines a smooth, youthful-looking complexion, but how fast the skin rids itself of dying and dead cells. Dr. Van Scott discovered that when topically applied, AHAs could speed up this exfoliation process, thus improving skin tone and texture. The increase in cell turn-over also helps boost collagen production, which improves skin firmness.
GOLDEN SEAL : A useful antiseptic, natural antibiotic, and astringent with excellent wound healing properties.
GOTU KOLA : (Centella Asiatica) Very soothing and healing herb that reduces inflammation and redness of skin irritations, blemishes and burns. Contains triterpenoids, compounds that aid in wound healing and strengthen the skin. Also very toning and firming.
GRAPE SEED: Contains the powerful anti-oxidant proanthocyanidin, which supports the actions of vitamin E and beta-carotene, and increases the action of vitamin C. Speeds wound healing, regenerates damaged blood vessels, and helps clear potentially pathogenic bacteria from wounds. Also enhances the formation of epidermal tissue, and has anti-inflammatory properties.
GRAPE SEED OIL: Ultra fine oil pressed from grape seeds with especially non-allergenic properties. Moisturizing and nourishing due to its high linoleic acid content. Free-radical scavenger.
GRAPEFRUIT : Stimulating, astringent, cleansing, exfoliating…anti-viral, a free-radical invader. Percentage of AHAs: 15 citric, 2.5 glycolic, 2.50 malic, 5 lactic.
GRAPEFRUIT ESSENTIAL OIL : An essential oil with a light and fresh aroma expressed from the peel of the fruit. High in vitamin C, it has anti-inflammatory properties, and helps release excess water in the skin's tissues. It also has a very beneficial effect on congested, oily skin and acne.
GRAPEFRUIT SEED: Extracted from grapefruit seeds and used in combination with propylene glycol and glycerin as a preservative, bactericide, and stabilizer.
GRAPES: Powerful free radical scavenger/anti-oxidant rich in sugars, minerals, flavonoids, vitamins in B group. Promotes cellular health rejuvenation. Percentage of AHAs: 10 citric, 5 malic, 10 tartaric .
GREEN PAPAYA: Fruit used in formulation when it contains the highest content of “papain”. As the fruit matures this powerful enzyme decreases. To protect this “active” enzyme a low -heat extraction must be maintained. It is an excellent free-radical scavenger and cellular renewal ingredient with the ability to digest protein, selecting only dead cells without harming the living ones.
GREEN TEA: Potent anti-oxidant that offers 20 times the free radical scavenging effects of vitamin E. It increases the effect of sunscreens, and studies have found that it may help prevent skin cancer from UV rays as well. Green tea also helps reduce irritation caused by glycolic acid, and also has anti-cellulite properties.
GUAR GUM : A natural resin from the seeds of an Asian tree. Thickener, plasticizer and emulsifier.
GUAVA : Healing, soothing and moisturizing, guava also contains vitamins A & C, beta-carotene and zinc.
HAMAMELIS WATER: (Witch Hazel) An astringent herb that possesses the ability to soothe the skin. It is derived from of the leaves and bark of the Hamamelis Virginnia plant and helps heal blemishes, reduce oiliness, and soothe bruises and sprains.
HAWAIIAN RED MARINE ALGAE: See Algae.
HONEY: A natural skin softener used in formulation as an emollient, humectant! Honey is anti-fungal and anti-bacterial, suggesting that it contains anti-microbial ingredients. It offers high levels of hydrogen peroxide. Peroxide stimulates white blood cells that initiate the body's immune response to infection. Honey contains other significant amounts of vitamins, including vitamin C and trace amounts of iron, copper, manganese, calcium, potassium, sodium, phosphorus and magnesium, all possibly adding to Honey's wound healing effect. Some Scientists even suggest that adding honey (or sugar) into sterile butter or margarine will provide home remedy for cuts and scrapes as effective as anything on the market.
HONEYSUCKLE : Anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, astringent, and an excellent cleanser and purifier. Also helps soften and smooth the skin.
HORSE CHESTNUT: Helps prevent cellulitis. The astringent tannins, flavonoids and saponins combine to tone and strengthen vein walls, which, in turn, strengthen the outer skin and help reduce the appearance of broken capillaries. Anti-inflammatory.
HORSE TAIL: A natural astringent, it is very high in silica, which helps to soften, heal and smooth the skin. It helps strengthen vein and capillary walls and is rich in a variety of minerals.
HYALURONIC ACID : Collagen and elastin supporter. A protein occurring in the skin that appears to bind water in the interstitial spaces between skin cells while it forms a gel-like substance to hold these cells together.
HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN: A naturally derived vegetable protein produced by the enzymatic hydrolysis of soy flour. It increases the skin's moisture binding capabilities, while smoothing and minimizing roughness and wrinkles. Used in hair care, it helps enhance gloss and texture, increase moisture retention , and improve body and manageability.
HYDROLYZED WHEAT PROTEIN: A naturally derived vegetable protein produced by the enzymatic hydrolysis of wheat gluten. It has conditioning, moisturizing and film-forming properties. A very effective moisturizer and plant derived replacement for hydrolyzed animal protein.
IRISH MOSS : Brownish purple algae that grows attached to rocks at low tide marks. It is a rich source of the emollient and moisture binding substance carageenan, and many micro-nutrients.
IRON OXIDE : A naturally occurring compound of iron and oxygen. Used as a natural colorant.
IVY : Antibacterial and soothing, especially for burned skin. A vasoconstrictor that helps diminish redness and blotchiness, and lower tissue sensitivity. Also helps reduce and prevent excess water retention in the skin's tissues, and decrease the appearance of cellulite.
JASMINE: Moisturizing, and calming. Excellent for dry, sensitive and mature skin.
JOJOBA OIL/ JOJOBA WAX: (Technically a thick, waxy oil) The “wax” is a semi-solid fraction of jojoba oil in the form of tiny, smooth “beads”. Used in facial and body scrubs for their gentle polishing action, they slowly melt on the skin, releasing their moisturizing properties. The oil is expressed from the vanilla shaped beans found on shrubs in the arid deserts of southwest America . A plant oil most similar to skin's own sebum; it can effectively penetrate the skin because of its small molecular size. A natural cellular renewal ingredient.
JUNIPER BERRY ESSENTIAL OIL : Beneficial for oily, congested, and acneic skin. Also helps treat dermatitis, seborrhea of the scalp, and dermatitis. Astringent, antiseptic, healing, and purifying, it helps ease a wide variety of skin conditions and inflammation.
KAOLIN : A very fine white “ China ” clay with drawing and tightening properties that gently absorbs surface oil secreted by the skin. It can stimulate circulation deep into the capillaries.
KELP : Seaweed and kelp contain those same vital nutrients, trace elements, and amino acids present in human blood plasma. Because of this, they can penetrate the skin more readily than most other ingredients. Minerals from these algae are rich in anti-oxidants, vitamins, and mucilage that can protect, hydrate and soften the skin.
KOJIC ACID: Derived from sugar mold. It is a tyrosinase inhibitor that helps slow the production of melanin. It lightens discoloration, inhibits UV caused irritation, and promotes healing.
KOJIC ACID DIPALMITATE: See also Kojic Acid. A derivative of kojic acid that is thought to be more stable.
KUKUI NUT OIL : From the Hawaiian kukui nut, it is very emollient, very moisturizing. High in vitamins A, E & F, it revitalizes, rejuvenates and softens the skin.
LACTIC ACID: One of the five most beneficial AHAs, it is naturally occurring in milk fermentation. A mild exfoliant that helps reduce wrinkles and improve the skin's texture. Very softening and moisturizing.
LACTOSE PEROXIDASE & GLUCOSE OXIDAISE: One part of this enzyme system is extracted from milk whey lactose peroxidase), the other (glucose oxidase) is a naturally occurring nutritional carbohydrate sourced from microbial culture. These natural enzymes work together to prevent spoilage and bacterial growth in natural formulas.
LAMINARIA DIGITATA : A giant kelp rich in iodine and other trace elements and co-enzymes which makes it valuable as a skin supplement for normalizing cellular functions.
LAVANDIN ESSENTIAL OIL: A hybrid plant developed in 1900 by crossing true lavender (L. angustifolia) with spike lavender or aspic (L. latifolia). It has a light floral aroma, similar to Lavender, just sharper. It is anti-inflammatory, eases tension, and is excellent for wound healing.
LAVENDER ESSENTIAL OIL: A rainbow of beneficial rewards for the skin. It is astringent, calming, cleansing, moisturizing, softening, rejuvenating…and soothing with anti-bacterial properties.
LECITHIN : Present in all living cells, it is a waxy oil derived from soybeans and eggs that has great water binding abilities, and acts as an anti-oxidant, and emulsifier.
LEMON: Antibacterial, softening, anti-wrinkle, anti-oxidant, antiseptic. Percentage of AHAs: 15 citric, 2.5 glycolic, 2.5 malic, 5 lactic.
LEMON ESSENTIAL OIL : Expressed from the outer rind of the lemon, it acts as a mild bleach that can brighten dull skin and calm redness. Naturally astringent, antiseptic and bactericidal; abundant in vitamins A, B & C.
LEMONGRASS ESSENTIAL OIL : Distilled from the grassy herb of the same name; it purifies, and hydrates. Has antibacterial, anti-oxidant and cleansing action.
LICORICE ROOT: Rebalances dermal cells & helps reduce the formation of melanin, (pigment that gives skin color). Offers significant healing effects, plus firming, soothing, emollient and anti-bacterial benefits.
LIMNANTHIS ALBA OIL: From the seeds of the one year old Limnanthis alba plants of Oregon . Its 97% fatty acid content and small molecular structure make it one of the most penetrating oils available in skin care…and…it is one of the most stable lipids known. This oil has a beautiful “slip”.
LIME ESSENTIAL OIL: Antiseptic, astringent, bactericidal, restorative and refreshing; high in vitamins A, B & C.
LIPOSOMES: Hollow spherical phospholipids are used to encapsulate both water and oil soluble ingredients. Liposomes enter deep within the skin structure, slowly releasing their properties. They allow cosmetic ingredients that normally would not be absorbed to penetrate the skin.
LOCUST BEAN GUM : The locust bean has been known for its thickening properties since ancient times. It is produced by milling the seeds of the carob tree, and also has moisturizing, regenerating and smoothing properties.
LYCOPENE : Abundant in the red flesh and skin of the tomato. It appears in very high concentration when tomatoes are processed…and is the most active carotenoid (one of nature's most important anti-oxidant families) in terms of anti-oxidant activity. It appears to strengthen cellular integrity and function. (Lycopene is one of the top 3 carotenoids found in human tissue and blood plasma). It is more than twice as powerful as beta-carotene at quenching free radicals.
MACADAMIA NUT OIL : A very beneficial oil for dry, mature skins. It has a high palmitoleic oil content, which decreases in the skin as we age. This emollient oil penetrates easily and helps products glide on the skin.
MAGNESIUM : A lightweight mineral occurring in nature. It is especially abundant in specific varieties of sea algae and salts from the sea. Magnesium helps re-mineralize and soothe the skin.
MANDARIN ESSENTIAL OIL: Antiseptic, cleansing, toning and anti-bacterial. One of the oils that is safe to use during pregnancy. It is also useful for treating acne, oily skin and to reduce excess fluid retention and obesity.
MANGANESE: A mineral occurring abundantly in mineral mud, sea salts and specific sea plants. It is soothing and calming to the skin.
MANGO BUTTER : Extracted from the fruit kernels of the Mango Tree. This rich butter is known for its emollient, hydrating, and healing properties. It softens and protects dry skin, and is especially useful for renewing skin suffering from the effects of sun or wind.
MARIGOLD: See Calendula.
MARSH MALLOW: A soothing and healing herb that benefits chapped, dry and irritated skin. It is also beneficial in the treatment of wounds, burns, skin inflammation, insect bites, and bruises.
MEADOWFOAM SEED OIL: See Limnanthes Alba Oil.
MEADOWSWEET: An anti-oxidant that helps heal inflammatory skin conditions. Contains a high percentage of natural salicylic acid to help smooth, re-texurize and reduce inflammation in congested tissue. It also has toning and healing properties due to its astringent action.
METHYLPARABEN : A preservative with anti-microbial abilities that prevents the formation of bacteria, and is effective in low concentrations. Non-sensitizing and non-irritating.
METHYLSULFONYYLMETHANE: (MSM) An organic bio-available form of sulfur, which is the “nuts and bolts” of skin proteins. The sulfur bond is responsible for the strength, shape and resilience of the collagen, elastin, and keratin structures of the skin.
MUGWORT: A stimulating herb that, when combined in a complex with Algae, has anti-stinging, anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant properties. Helps relieve swelling.
MUCOPOLYSACCARIDES : A gelatinous, basic component of the skin also known as glycosaminoglycans that help maintain a moist environment for collagen, elastin and dermal cells while providing support for connective tissue and mucous membranes. They comprise a large class of ingredients found universally in skin tissue, including hyaluronic acid. A humectant and skin softener.
MULTI-FRUIT ACID COMPLEX: There are many varieties of multi-fruit acids found in plants, vegetables and fruits, but five in particular have been scientifically proven to be the most beneficial. These five include glycolic, lactic, citric, malic and tartaric acids. Glycolic acid, from the heart of the raw cane sugar plant, has the smallest molecular structure, allowing for the deepest penetration. Next comes lactic from milk, followed by citric from citrus fruit, malic, found abundantly in apples, and tartaric from fruit fermentation, similar to that found in wine sediment. The combination of acids help speed exfoliation and stimulate cellular renewal, increase skin's thickness, reduce the number of abnormal cells while softening, moisturizing and hydrating. By speeding up the skin's natural exfoliation process, tone and texture is improved, while pores remain clear. This acid complex also helps boost the production of new collagen in the skin where the dermis and epidermis meet, which improves skin firmness and elasticity.
NEROLI ESSENTIAL OIL: ( Orange Blossom) Extracted by steam distillation from the small, white, waxy flowers of the bitter-orange tree. It takes about 1000 lbs. of orange blossoms to make 1 lb. of this precious oil. Neroli helps to regenerate skin cells and is useful for healing scar tissue and stretch marks. It is also astringent, bactericidal, moisturizing, softening and rejuvenating. The fragrance is sweet, floral and slightly evocative.
NETTLE : High in vitamin E, this soothing herb is cleansing, detoxifying, and help release excess fluid in the skin's tissues due to its flavonoid and potassium content. It also has excellent antibacterial properties, treats inflammatory skin conditions, eczema and insect bites.
NONFAT DRY MILK: See Dry Milk.
OAT MILK: Exceptionally soothing and moisturizing. It is an excellent addition to any skin care product for dry, sensitive, or aging complexions. Dramatically reduces irritation from exfoliation treatments and damage from UV exposure. It also has anti-oxidant properties.
OAT PROTEIN: An amino acid with soothing properties. Stimulating, cleansing.
OAT BETA GLUCANS : A blend of oat extract & refined oat proteins. Together they form an invisible layer over the skin to help retain moisture while promoting the repair of skin cells. High levels of naturally occurring anti-oxidants help protect against cellular damage. Reduces damage from UVA/UVB irradiation and dramatically increases cell renewal. Helps increase in new collagen production and reduce wrinkles. Soothing, healing!
OATS : Calming, cleansing, softening, and moisturizing. See also Oat Beta Glucan.
OIL FREE CRÈME/ LOTION: Specially formulated without oils to hydrate and moisturize over active skin. Oil free crèmes and lotions contain properties that will not increase the amount of oils in the skin.
ORANGE ESSENTIAL OIL : (Sweet Blossom) Astringent, bactericidal, moistening, softening and rejuvenating. Makes skin more vibrant and supple.
ORANGE PEEL: Anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal. Contains flavonoids and vitamins A, B, C & E.
PALMAROSA ESSENTIAL OIL: Brings exceptional hydration to the skin. Effectively renews skin cells and regulates sebum production. It is valuable in treating minor skin infections, due to its antifungal and antiviral action.
PANTHENOL: In the skin it aids moisture retention (ability to both hold and attract water) and increases elasticity. It helps heal skin problems such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis and diaper rash and soothes burns. In hair care it increases the water content of the hair shaft, which leads to increased elasticity. It is an excellent scalp nutrient and hydrator, which creates more manageability, better shine, less static electricity, and improved softness.
PAPAIN : An enzyme found in papaya, and most abundantly from unripe green papaya. An excellent free-radical scavenger and cellular renewal ingredient with the ability to digest protein, selecting only dead cells without harming the living ones.
PATCHOULI ESSENTIAL OIL: A musky smelling, exotic oil. Helps relieve dry, mature skin. Also very beneficial for dermatitis, eczema, chapped skin, and acne. Used in perfumery for it's long-lasting aroma .
PEACH: Rich in sugars, minerals (zinc), vitamins (vitamins A & C, beta carotene) and organic acids, particularly citric and malic. Moisturizing, soothing, toning, exfoliating. Percentage of AHAs: 10 citric, 5malic, 5 tartaric, 5 salicylic.
PECTIN : An enzyme extracted from citrus fruits and apples. Emulsifier, thickener, and gelling agent that is very soothing to the skin.
PEG 120 METHY GLUCOSE DIOLEATE: Conditioning agent, cleanser and thickener derived from corn.
PERU BALSAM: Very healing for eczema and other skin conditions. In addition, it is also considered antibacterial and is beneficial in the treatment of acne. It is a resin extracted from tree bark and imparts a warm, vanilla-like fragrance.
PINEAPPLE JUICE: Contains abundance of the enzyme “bromelin” that dissolves dead skin cells. Bromelin is an enzyme that can rid the skin of debris up to 1000 times their weight of irritants that clog and enlarge pores.
PISTACHIO: Nut rich in calcium, thiamine, phosphorus, iron and vitamin A. Percentage of AHAs: 10 citric, 3.5 glycolic, 6 malic, 3.5 lactic, 2 tartaric.
PLANTAIN: Aids cell proliferation, is astringent, emollient and healing. An excellent ingredient for treating and soothing wounds, burns, dermatitis, and insect bites.
POLYSORBATE 20: Derived from sorbitol. Used as a stabilizer and dispersing agent for essential oils. It has a soothing effect on the skin.
POLYSORBATE 60: An emulsifier and wetting agent that also acts as a stabilizer for essential oils in water. An ester of sorbitol.
POMEGRANATE : Anti-oxidant, anti-viral. It has the remarkable benefit of boosting the sun protection factor (SPF) of topical sunscreens. The same SPF protection levels are maintained using less chemicals and more anti-oxidants.
PROPYLPARABEN: Used as a preservative, bactericide and fungicide, it is effective against a large variety of contaminants at low concentration. Non-sensitizing and non-irritating.
PROTEIN : A class of chemicals necessary for all cellular functions. Protein is made up of complex combinations of amino acids and have a good affinity with the skin. They help retain water and reduce water loss on the skin's surface.
PUMICE : Finely ground volcanic rock used in facial and body scrubs to gently polish the skin to remove dead cells that accumulate on the surface.
PUMPKIN: Enzymes in the whole “pumpkin”, including the seeds, exfoliate dead skin cells while promoting skin repair. It cleanses, conditions and moisturizes while helping to firm the skin. Pumpkin is an excellent source of anti-oxidants, vitamins and essential elements the skin needs.
PUMKIN SEED OIL : Soothing, moisturizing, and healing, high in sterols and vitamin E.
PYRIDOXINE HYDROCHLORIDE: (Vitamin B6) A skin conditioning agent that has antibacterial and anti-oxidant benefits. Also commonly used for hair care products.
PYRUS MALUS FRUIT : (Apple) Rich in natural pectin, containing polysaccharides, vitamin B, flavonoids and a high level of “malic” acid. This acid has been scientifically proven to be one of the 5 most beneficial AHAs that help stimulate and speed skin cell renewal. The other acids are “glycolic”, from the heart of the raw cane sugar plant, “citric”, from citrus fruit, “lactic” from milk, and “tartaric” from fruit fermentation, similar to that found in wine sediment. Astringent, cleansing, smoothing and tightening. Contains zinc.
QUILLAIA : (Soap Bark) A natural surfactant used for its cleansing properties. It has excellent foaming and cleansing abilities, containing 9-10% saponins. Derived from dried inner bark of the South American tree quillaja saponaria. Healing properties, emulsifier.
RASPBERRY: Rich in minerals, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), flavonoids, tannins, and ellagic acid. A super anti-oxidant that is soothing, astringent and exfoliating. Percentage of AHAs: 10 citric, 5 glycolic, 8malic, 2 lactic .
RAW CANE SUGAR: Rich in “natural” glycolic acids, it has cellular renewal properties. Raw sugar cane is particularly rich in mucilage, thus bringing its softening and moisturizing activity at the skin level. Percentage AHAs: 2.5 citric, 15 glycolic, 2.5malic, 5 lactic.
RED CLOVER BLOSSOM : A perennial plant that produces abundant blossoms. Astringent, soothing and conditioning.
RETINYL PALMITATE: Form of vitamin A that combins retinol (pure vitamin A) and palmitic acid. A primary anti-oxidant, free radical scavenger and cell renewal ingredient. Acts as a skin normalizer with the ability to either moisturize dry skin, or reduce excess oil in oily skin.
RICE BRAN OIL : Rich in vitamin E. It has a smaller molecular size than wheat germ oil, making it much easier to penetrate the skin. Contains high percentages of oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids.
ROSE BUD: Soothing, balancing and cooling to inflamed skin. Helpful with oily or mottled complexions, but is also beneficial for all skin types.
ROSE ESSENTIAL OIL: Very precious and costly, rose has been used throughout time as a beauty treatment. Especially good for dry, sensitive, or mature skins, its rejuvenating properties also relieve inflammation, heat and itching of the skin. Helps reduce redness from broken capillaries.
ROSE WATER : Rose water is one of the most ancient and revered beauty treatments used today. It “enlivens” dry, mature and wrinkled complexions, and also to soothes sensitive skin at any age.
ROSEHIPS: The fruit of the rose bush, high in vitamin C; tonic, astringent, soothing, moisturizing and hydrating to the skin. Helps protect against capillary damage and firms and tones the tissues .
ROSEMARY: An herb with anti-oxidant, cleansing, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, moisturizing, softening, rejuvenating properties for the skin. Also very stimulating and invigorating for the scalp.
ROSEWOOD ESSENTIAL OIL: Cellular stimulant, and strengthens connective tissues. Very mild and safe for mature, and sensitive skin.
SAFFLOWER OIL: It has an exceptionally high linoleic acid content. Excellent choice for the replenishment of moisture.
SAGE : A potent anti-oxidant with antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory properties. It refreshes, balances and tones, and has a mild cleansing action makes it ideal for sensitive skin.
SALICYLIC ACID: Occurs naturally in wintergreen leaves, sweet birch and other plants. Topically it is an anesthetic, a sunscreen and a fungicide with a mild peeling effect.
SANDALWOOD ESSENTIAL OIL : Promotes cellular turnover, and has soothing, astringent, and antibacterial properties. Produced by distillation of the inner wood.
SCLEROTIUM GUM : A natural plant gum with anti-aging properties used as a thickening agent. Produced by a biofermentation process.
SEA ALGAE: For firmer, healthier skin. Contains essential minerals and amino acids, sea proteins and polysaccharides, the important components that make up the skin's natural moisture factor (NMF). Rich in trace minerals, which help increase circulation and thicken the epidermis. Minerals from algae are rich in anti-oxidants, vitamins, and mucilage that can protect, hydrate and soften the skin.
SEA BUCKTHORN: Grows on the sand dunes by the sea and produces a yellow berry. The liquid wax from the berry is very compatible with the lipid structure of the skin and provides a strong water retentive and skin moisturizing quality.
SEA KELP: Helps strengthen the skin's epidermis.Rich in vitamins A, C, E & B complex. Sea kelp contains the same vital nutrients, trace elements, and amino acids present in human blood plasma which allows it to penetrate the skin more readily than most other ingredients. Soothing, moisturizing, nourishing, restoring, softening.
SEA MINERALS: Sea algae/ seaweed rich in trace minerals that help increase circulation for dry dull skin. Essential minerals, amino acids, sea protein and polysaccharides comprise the important components that make up skin's natural moisture factor (NMF). Results… Firmer, Younger, Healthier skin.
SEA PALM: Very rich in potassium and beta-carotenoids and a wealth of co-enzymes and trace minerals. It is known as the most elastic of all seaweeds and used as a connective tissue enhancer.
SEAWEED ESSENTIAL OIL: A CO-2 microburst extraction of French kelp varieties of seaweed; it yields aromatic oil and the protoplasmic bio-substance of the ocean.
SESAME OIL: A light, emollient oil obtained from sesame seeds. Also known as gingilli oil, it has been used since earliest antiquity, as a soothing, gentle emollient. It is an excellent substitute for olive oil and offers exceptional staying power in massage preparations.
SHEA BUTTER : From the nut of the karate nut tree; a cellular renewal ingredient that has excellent nourishing and moisturizing benefits for the skin. It is a natural “sun block”.
SOAP BARK: A natural surfactant used for its cleansing properties. It has excellent foaming and cleansing abilities, containing 9-10% saponins. Derived from dried inner bark of the South American tree quillaja saponaria. Healing properties, emulsifier.
SOAPWORT: An herb with cleansing, and healing properties that will actually create lather when the leaves are rubbed together.
SODIUM CHLORIDE: (Table Salt) A purified salt used for its natural cleansing, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and astringent properties. Also acts as a natural preservative.
SODIUM COCO-SULFATE: A gentle surfactant with excellent foaming capabilities. A great alternative to sodium laurel sulfate. Derived from coconut oil.
SODIUM HYALURONATE: Collagen and elastin supporter. A protein occurring in the skin that appears to bind water in the interstitial spaces between skin cells while it forms a gel-like substance to hold these cells together.
SODIUM LAUREL SARCOSINATE: Cleansing agent with good conditioning properties. Primarily used as a secondary surfactant.
SODIUM METABISULFATE: An antiseptic and pH adjuster with anti-oxidant and bactericidal action. Food grade.
SODIUM PCA : (NaPCA) The sodium salt of pyroglutamic acid. A high performance humectant (water binder) found naturally in all living cells. It is commonly referred to as the “natural moisturizing factor”.
SODIUM SILICATE: A mineral used as a pH adjuster and buffering agent.
SORBITOL: Derived from apples, cherries, berries, plums, pears, sea algae and seaweed. Feels velvet- smooth applied on the skin. Used as a humectant, emulsifier and thickener in formulations.
SOY PROTEIN: Amino acid and lipid rich to help aid cellular regeneration. Helps increase elasticity and soften lines and wrinkles.
SOYBEAN OIL: Rich in fatty acids and vitamins A & E; readily absorbs into the skin.
SPIRULINA: A type of blue-green algae found in most lakes and ponds, it is very nutrient rich containing vitamins E & B complex, beta-carotene, minerals manganese, zinc, copper, iron, selenium, and gamma linolenic acid (an essential fatty acid). It is moisturizing, firming, nourishing and anti-inflammatory.
SQUALANE: Nutrient rich oil derived from olives. It is a natural bactericide and healer.
ST. JOHN'S WORT : An astringent herb with anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and firming properties.
STEARALKONIUM CHLORIDE: Anti-static, detangler, and hair conditioner. Quaternary ammonium compound.
STEARIC ACID: ( Vegetable) A white, waxy fatty acid used as an emulsifying agent.
STEARYL ALCOHOL: An emulsifier and thickener found in a variety of vegetable fats. Also acts as an emulsion stabilizer, emollient, anti-foam agent and lubricant.
STRAWBERRY: Soothing, astringent, and firming; strawberry contains more vitamin C than an orange and also contains ellagic acid, a super anti-oxidant.
SUNFLOWER OIL : Obtained from the seeds of the sunflower. Rich in vitamin E, it aids healing, and has a high linoleic acid and fatty acid content, which allows for better absorption into the lipid layer of the skin.
TAMARIND: Extracted from the fruits of the sub-tropical leguminous tree Tamarindus indica for centuries has been widely used in herbal medicine. Stimulates skin repair, and protects against environmental damage and premature ageing. Percentage of AHAs: 10 citric, 5 malic, 10 tartaric.
TANGERINE ESSENTIAL OIL: Effective for acne and oily skin, it is antiseptic, and antispasmodic. It is also useful in the treatment of stretch marks, helps reduce fluid retention, and soothes the nervous system.
TAPIOCA POWDER: Skin soother and natural thickener.
TEA TREE ESSENTIAL OIL: (Melaleuca Alternifolia) From the leaves of the Australian tea tree, this oil is used to treat acne, cuts, burns, insect bites, fungus and other skin and scalp disorders.
THYME: Anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory with astringent properties that help firm collagen in the skin.
TIME RELEASE LIPOSOME COMPLEX: A range of vitamin and herbal phyto-active supplements to be time delivered into the skin for a continuous gentle release of vital nutrients.
TITANIUM DIOXIDE: A “natural white powder mineral with the distinction of being a “class one”, “full spectrum” sunscreen. In cosmetic use it has the greatest concealing power of all white pigment.
TOCOPHEROL : Vitamin E. An anti-oxidant and cellular renewal ingredient that when combined with vitamins A and C, acts as a preservative in the oil phase of cosmetic formulations.
TOCOPHERYL ACETATE: See Tocopherol.
TOMATO: See Lycopene.
ULVA: A sea plant known as “sea lettuce” because of its bright green lettuce like leaf; a high source of soluble iron, potassium, and complex polysaccharides compatible with natural skin oils.
UVA URSI: Bearberry (or Manzanita) A natural source of hydroquinone (pigment lightener) due to the astringency of the tannin acid found in the berries and leaves of this plant. Also contains arbutin which can inhibit melanin production. Uva Ursi inhibits the production of tyrosinase and also naturally decreases existing pigment.
VEGETABLE GLYCERIN: See Glycerin.
VITAMIN A: A powerful free-radical scavenger used as an anti-aging and healing ingredient. Topically applied vitamin A is one of only three vitamins able to be absorbed by the skin. The other two are vitamins D& E.
VITAMIN C: See Ascorbic Acid.
VITAMIN D : One of only three vitamins, topically applied, that are absorbed by the skin (the other two are vitamins A & E). Vitamin D is necessary for the re-production of new skin cells, and when the skin is exposed to ultraviolet light, it is the only vitamin that the body is able to manufacture.
VITAMIN E: See Tocopherol.
WAKAME : A fern like member of the kelp family, rich in bio-available amino acids and vitamins, making it a highly nutritious food source for the skin.
WATERMELON: High in Vitamin A, beta-carotene and zinc; it soothes and softens the skin.
WITCH HAZEL: See Hamamalis Water.
WHEAT GERM OIL: A natural source of vitamins A, D & E, and squalane. Emollient oil that's acts as a natural preservative and anti-oxidant.
WHITE GRAPE JUICE: See Grapes.
WHITE PEACH CONCENTRATE: See Peach.
WILLOW BARK: Rich in phenolic compounds and salicin (glycodise of salicyl alcohol). Its constituents are salicylic glycosides and tannins, which contribute to its analgesic properties. A natural form of salicylic acid, a beta hydroxy acid widely used as an exfoliant and to keep pores clean of debris.
XANTHAN GUM: A natural carbohydrate gum used as a thickener and emulsion stabilizer.
YARROW: Moisturizing, softening, and soothing with mild astringency. Also has antibiotic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and healing properties. Constituents include flavonoids, amino acids, sugars and phytosterols.
YEAST: Contains an abundance of proteins, sugars and amino acids. An excellent humectant that helps enhance cellular turnover. Because its properties are similar to soluble collagen, it is often referred to as pseudocollagen (not containing actual collagen, but having the same beneficial properties). May also help reduce hyperpigmentation by blocking melanin biosynthesis. A calming extract that when combined with glycosaminoglycans and glycopolysaccarides helps: (1) Increase superficial and deep skin firmness; (2) Increase collagen synthesis and reduce wrinkles; (3) Increase moisture; and (4) Increase skin clarity.
YLANG-YLANG ESSENTIAL OIL : A natural antiseptic essential oil with soothing properties. Extracted from the flowers of the plant, the oil is used for its cleansing, smoothing and refining the skin. It also helps clear congestion.
YUCCA: Rich in saponins, this naturally foaming herb is used as a traditional soap plant in the American southwest. It is very cleansing, and soothing.
ZINC : A natural mineral. Calming, with osmosis and diffusion qualities. Accelerates wound healing and offers some UV protection. Lowers sebaceous secretions, making it an excellent ingredient in acne preparations.
ZINC OXIDE : A natural, mineral derived “skin protecting” sunscreen agent; antiseptic, astringent, and soothing. Offers broad-spectrum protection against both UVA and UVB rays. Often used to thicken lotions and creams.
ZINC SULFATE: Allows deeper penetration and enhances the effectiveness of vitamin C. Astringent and antibacterial.